Schlüppis
www.flight13.com
Kürzliche Beiträge
1. November 2011, 23.32 Uhr:

Qatar und Libyen - die neuen Partner Israels?

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Qatar, owohl es nur ein paar hunderdtausend Einwohner hat, entwickelt sich immer mehr zum regionalen Akteur. Seit  sie Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani an die Macht geputscht hat, versucht der Skeikh sich von der Dominaz Saudi Arabiens zu lösen. Die Qataris gehören, wie die Saudis auch, den erzrkonservativen Wahabiten an, im Vergleich zum Nachbarland (und das ist nicht schwer) ist Qatar allerdings vergeleichweise, ja was eigentlich? Liberal wäre das falsche Wort, aber im Vergleich eben zu den Saudis, irgend etwas in diese Richtung. Während die US-Armee im Lande stationiert ist, näherte er sich zeitweilig außenpolitisch dem Iran an. Diese Zeiten scheinen nun allerdings vorbei. Statt aber ein zu enges Bündnis mit den Saudis zu suchen, wie das benachbarte bahrainische Königshaus, das mit Hilfe saudischer Truppen die Protesbewegung im Land niederschlagen ließ, sucht Qatar nun einen neuen Weg zu beschreiten:

Gerade kündigt der Sheikh, wohl auch unter dem Eindruck des sog. arabischen Frühlings, so etwas wie erste freie Wahlen im Land an:

Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani was quoted by state media as saying the polls, which would be the country’s first legislative elections, were needed to build a modern Qatar. Under a constitution adopted in 2003, 30 of the council’s members would be elected and 15 appointed. So far Qatar has only held municipal polls. Political parties are banned.

“We know that all these steps are necessary to build the modern state of Qatar and the Qatari citizen who is capable of dealing with the challenges of the time and building the country,” the emir said.

Qatar hat in diesem Jahr nicht nur die libyschen Rebellen aktiv unterstützt, sondern hilft offenbar auch der syrischen Opposition sowohl logistisch als auch mit nicht unbedeutenden Finanzspritzen. Dabei spielt allerdings, wie auch i, Fall Libyens, die Unterstützung islamistischer Kräfte eine zentrale Rolle:

One of Qatar’s main goals in supporting popular uprisings in the region, say people familiar with its leaders’ thinking, is to promote its political vision—that in a Muslim-majority region, Islamic political figures can help build modern, vibrant Arab nations by being included in new democracies.

Qatar sees itself as a showcase for marrying Islamic ideals with modernity—a counterpoint to the more unyielding doctrine of neighboring Saudi Arabia.

Zugleich bietet sich das Land jetzt als neuer Partner auch Israels an. Erst kürzlich erschien, ausgerechnet in der Jerusalem Post, ein Artikel, geschrieben von einem Mitarbeiter des Institute for Gulf Affairs, der diesen Text vermutlich nicht ohne Wissen der al-Thanis verfasst hat. Dort bringt er Qatar und Libyen als neue Friedenspartner Israels ins Gespräch (seit langem gibt es einen israelischen Handelsataché in Doha, auch wenn beide Länder keine offiziellen diplomatischen Beziegungen unterhalten):

Now that the media will no longer focus on the hunt for Gadaffi and the tense negotiations in the late dictator’s stronghold of Sirte, Israel and Libya can quietly exchange ambassadors. Israel would likely send an Arab-Israeli, such as Atlanta Deputy Consul Raslan Abu Rukun, to establish a rapport with the Libyan population.

In addition, a suitable number of Arab-Israel doctors should be sent as a goodwill gesture.

Weiterlesen.

1. November 2011, 01.00 Uhr:

"Palästina entspricht nicht den Kriterien zur Aufnahme in die UNESCO"

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Das Institute for Monitoring Peace and Cultural Tolerance in School Education, eine internationale Organisation, die seit Jahren Schulbücher in Nordafrika un dem Nahen Osten kritisch untersucht (Tunesien schneidet übrigens, was die “promotion of peace and tolerance” anbelangt extrem gut ab) kommentiert die Aufnahme Palästinas in die UNESCO:

The Palestinian Authority does not meet the UNESCO recommendations for becoming a full member in the international organization.

Warum? Weil es noch immer solche Textpassagen in palästinensischen Schulbüchern gibt (auch wenn die PNA seit Jahren für deren antisemitischen Gehalt kritisiert wird, was aber in Ramallah – von Gaza gar nicht zu sprechen – niemanden weiter interessiert):

“Today the Muslim countries need urgently jihad and jihad fighters in order to liberate the robbed lands and to get rid of the robbing Jews from the robbed lands in Palestine and in the Levant.

Außerdem kommt die Studie zu dem Schluss,  that there was continued demonization of both Israel and the Jews in the books. Jews are described, among others, as violating treaties, getting rich unduly, deceitful, murdering children, disemboweling women and invading snakes. They are never presented in neutral or positive terms.

31. Oktober 2011, 13.12 Uhr:

Military Inc.

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Robert Springborg in einem Intervie mit Al Masry al-Youm über die Rolle des ägyptischen Militärs als de facto Regierung und zugleich dominierende Wirtschaftsmacht:

The business interests of the military are hugely important to their decision-making, and the leadership of “military incorporated,” which is same as the leadership of the military itself, is now running the country.A key problem is that the military economy lacks transparency. It is opaque, so we don’t know its exact size or components. (…)

he military economy includes the numerous factories and production facilities that fall under the Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Military Production. These also include companies affiliated with the Arab Organization for Industrialization and National Services Production Organization. In theory, these are state-owned entities but their accounts are not subject to financial oversight by the Central Auditing Organization.

What it wants is a weak parliament and a presidency that will not challenge its authority. As it now looks the parliament will be weak because it will be divided among various political forces and because it will not be based on any definitive constitutional authority. So it will not be strong enough to oversee the military, such as by examining its finances. So, any civilian control of the military by default will fall to the president.

That is why the apparent thinking now of the military is for the president to be someone from the military. The delay of the presidential election is due in part probably to the attempt to prepare the ground for a candidate either from the military or absolutely subordinate to it. In the meantime the military will look to expand its role in the economy, either through acquiring more companies or by assisting officer-owned companies gain more business.

30. Oktober 2011, 11.07 Uhr:

Deutsche Nahostpolitik - Rückblick auf eine erfolgreiche Woche

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Weil die israelische Regierung im Stadteil Gilo in Ostjerusalem ein paar Wohnungen baut, überlegt Kanzlerin Merkel den Stop der U-Boot Lieferungen an Israel:

Bundeskanzlerin Angela Merkel (CDU) erwägt, die Lieferung von U-Booten an Israel einzustellen. Die Zeitung “Jediot Ahronot” berichtete unter Berufung auf “hohe” israelische Regierungskreise, dies sei eine Reaktion auf die israelische Siedlungspolitik im Ostteil Jerusalems.

Derweil gilt Saudi-Arabien als enger Alliierter, wichtig für die Stabilität der Region, weshalb man Panzer im Wert von Milliarden liefern will. Ein hohes Regierungsmitglied des Landes hat gerade ein Kopfgeld auf Soldaten eines anderen souveränen Landes ausgesetzt:

Saudi Prince Khaled bin Talal bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud declared Saturday he would give $900,000 to whoever abducts an Israeli soldier in order to be exchanged for Palestinian prisoners.

Wird dafür auch nur ein Wort der Kritik fallen? Natürlich nicht. Das könnte die Saudis ja verärgern und der brühmte Dialog ist ja schließlich, wie auch im Falle des Iran, immer wesentlich erfolgversprechender, als die Konfrontation mit islamistischen Regimes zu suchen. Das finden auch die iranischen Staatsmedien, die entsprechend über den Besuch ihres Vizewirtschaftsministers in Deutschland berichten:

Visiting Iran’s Deputy Minister of Economy and Finance Mohammad Reza Farzin and Ruprecht Polenz, Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of German Parliament on Wednesday called for expansion of bilateral economic cooperation. (…) He criticized EU’s double standard and discriminatory policies as well as its restrictions imposed on Iranian and German merchants. He also condemned violation of human rights by the West as a tool to exert pressure on independent states. The German official, for his part called for development of economic relations between Tehran and Berlin. Polenz expressed hope that international community would reach a better understanding of the Islamic Republic through talks with Tehran.



29. Oktober 2011, 15.08 Uhr:

Deutsches Erbe in libyscher Wüste

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Die Daily Mail meldet:

A secret cache of Colonel Gaddafi’s chemical weapons has been found in Libya, the country’s new rulers announced yesterday.

The deadly arsenal proves the tyrant had refused to give up his weapons of mass destruction – despite promising Tony Blair he would relinquish them in the infamous ‘Deal in the Desert’.

Erinnert sich noch wer, dass deutsche Firmen damals maßgeblich am Bau der Chemiewaffenfabrik in Rabta beteiligt waren? Wie sie auch Saddams Produktion von Giftgas erst ermöglichten?

29. Oktober 2011, 13.25 Uhr:

Changing the Guards in Saudi Arabien

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Weitgehend unbemerkt findet in Saudi Arabien gerade ein Machtwechsel an der Spitze statt. Nach dem Ableben von Kronprinz Sultan wird jetzt Naif die Regierungsgeschäfte in die Hand nehmen. Was das für Saudi Arabien bedeuten könnte, analysiert Ali Alyami für das Hudson New York Institut:

What is being myopically and dangerously overlooked, not because of ignorance but because of this disconcerting necessity, is that Naif’s ascendance to the throne could potentially spawn and expedite that which some Saudi royals and the international community are hoping to avoid – instability in Saudi Arabia. Prince Naif will be presiding over a fast-changing, more restless society that is less fearful of authority. The majority of the Saudi people, like the rest of the Arabs and others, is yearning for a better alternative to their oppressive regime and its outmoded, unresponsive, and dysfunctional institutions. It is estimated that between 60-70% of the Saudi population are under 30 years of age and that 43.2% for men and women in the 20-24 age category are unemployed. This is a “ticking bomb” that will explode unless long-term, well-paying jobs are created and made available to them; government handouts will not silence them for long.

Further, the Saudi people have more access to each other and to more domestic, regional, and global information than at any time in their history. They are among the most frequent users of the unstoppable social media that they make the most of to vent, pass time, and to discuss social, gender, political, and religious issues that were taboo before the arrival of modern technology. Unless tangible social, political, economic, and religious reforms are implemented, the people will use social media to organize an uprising against the system that is holding them back, despite Western experts’ unfounded doubts.

Women of all ages make up some of the most active groups in Saudi Arabia. Many demonstrate in front of Prince Naif’s Ministry of Interior on a daily basis to demand the release of their loved ones incarcerated without charges or trials by Naif’s police. Some are demanding equal access to education and job opportunities. Some are demanding the removal of the male guardian system and others are demanding the removal of the business manager system (Saudi businesswomen are forced to hire a male to manage their businesses for them.) The most vocal and fearless among Saudi women are those who demand the right to drive. A number of them have gone behind the wheel and have been imprisoned and interrogated, but continue their demands undeterred. Naif does not think much of women. He believes that they should stay home, producing and grooming generations of “good men.” He sees women as the property of men, stating, “Any man who accepts his wife or daughter to work as secretaries for other men has lost his manhood.”

Even though Naif may be the ruthless prince who can guarantee his family’s safety, keep its unruly members in line and maintain the temporary stability of the country through sheer force, he might be the least suitable man to rule Saudi Arabia, especially at this time of restlessness and escalating demands for change. These demands come from a generation of men and women who are disconnected from the world into which Naif and his aging brothers were born, grew up and still live. He will strengthen the religious establishment to intimidate the populace to keep them in check as he has done all his life. A more theocratic and dangerous Saudi Arabia is inevitable under Naif. Ironically, it is the West’s need for Saudi money and Saudi oil might people Prince Naif to the Saudi throne.

29. Oktober 2011, 00.13 Uhr:

Free Syrian Army in der Türkei

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Die New York Times berichtet, dass die Türkei nun die “Free Syrian Army” von ihrem Territorium aus operieren lässt:

Once one of Syria’s closest allies, Turkey is hosting an armed opposition group waging an insurgency against the government of President Bashar al-Assad, providing shelter to the commander and dozens of members of the group, the Free Syrian Army, and allowing them to orchestrate attacks across the border from inside a camp guarded by the Turkish military.

The support for the insurgents comes amid a broader Turkish campaign to undermine Mr. Assad’s government. Turkey is expected to impose sanctions soon on Syria, and it has deepened its support for an umbrella political opposition group known as the Syrian National Council, which announced its formation in Istanbul. But its harboring of leaders in the Free Syrian Army, a militia composed of defectors from the Syrian armed forces, may be its most striking challenge so far to Damascus.

Schmeicheln Sie uns!

Falls Sie Ihre Wertschätzung für unsere Website ausdrücken möchten, können Sie dies mithilfe des Mikro-Bezahlsystems Flattr tun. Benutzen Sie einfach den folgenden Button:

Mehr Informationen auf flattr.com

Werden Sie ein Fan!

Jungle World
auf Facebook

Sie müssen sich nicht für Facebook registrieren, um unsere Seite zu betrachten. Na gut, dann …