von Jörn Schulz
Die ägyptischen Generäle zeigen immer deutlicher, dass sie eine „gelenkte Demokratie“ wünschen. Das neue Wahlgesetz „could pave the way for remnants of deposed President Hosni Mubarak’s regime to infiltrate the new parliament through corrupt elections, politicians and political analysts say. (…) The amendments could engender an exceedingly complex voting system and allow Egypt’s military rulers to maintain the upper hand over a weak parliament, especially in drafting a new constitution. (…) The amendments also removed the women’s quota.”
Die Hälfte der Abgeordneten soll unabhängig von Parteien und Listen gewählt werden, das begünstigt einflussreiche Personen, die „fetten Katzen“ der Bourgeoisie, hohe Mubarak-Bürokraten etc. und erleichtert den Stimmenkauf. Internationale Beobachter sollen nicht zugelassen werden, überdies scheint das Militär sich in der neuen Verfassung Privilegien, möglicherweise auch eine politische Überwachungsrolle festschreiben zu wollen.
von Oliver M. Piecha
Eine sehr lesenswerte Reportage über eine vernachlässigte Katastrophe: den mutwillig herbeigeführten Zerfall des Jemen. Ausgangspunkt ist Taiz, die zweitgrößte Stadt des Landes, in der Ende Mai der dortige “Befreiungsplatz” mit einem Massaker geräumt wurde. Nur leider interessiert sich kaum jemand für den Jemen. Bis er explodieren wird. Aber dann wird es zu spät sein.
Robert Worth in der New York Times (via enduring america):
Then the real assault began. Armored vehicles, tanks and bulldozers began converging on the protesters’ tent city from all sides. They fired tear gas and water cannons into the square and began shooting protesters at point-blank range. They doused the tents, which extended for hundreds of yards in every direction, with gasoline and lighted them on fire. None of the protesters had weapons. “People were dying all around us, and there was nothing we could do,” Maqtari told me. Some were burned alive. […]
Officers stormed through the local hospital and several field clinics where protesters were being treated, firing tear gas down the corridors, shooting up the ceilings and arresting doctors and nurses. Some thrust their gun butts into patients’ wounds. Others were laughing hysterically, as if they were on drugs, Maqtari and others told me, and shouting into the darkness, “Ali is your god!” The next morning, amid the charred remains of the tents, someone had scrawled a sardonic reversal of the protesters’ chants on a wall. “The regime wants the fall of the people,” it said.
The burning of the Taiz square, after all, coincided with the collapse of all government authority in large areas of south Yemen, where heavily armed jihadist groups have captured two towns and several villages. In the northwestern province of Saada, too, a militia movement now reigns supreme; they recently elected Yemen’s biggest arms dealer as their new governor. All this has implications that go well beyond Yemen’s remote mountains and deserts — the chaos in the north, for instance, threatens to set off a proxy conflict between the region’s two great nemeses, Saudi Arabia and Iran — and the Yemeni military has done little to oppose any of it.
They are still attacking us every day, targeting the activists’ houses, arresting people,” Maqtari told me. “It’s as if they are pushing us and pushing us to take up violence, so that we will be like them. They want to turn the revolution into a tribal war. And this will tear the country apart.”
von Jörn Schulz
Erstaunliche Ankündigungen: “The unfair privatization program will be cancelled and more attention will be paid the public sector and its 147 companies.” Das kündigte der ägyptische Vizepremierminister Ali al-Selmy an. “Enough with privatization, especially now after the end of a former regime that aimed to liquidate the public sector, in spite of its importance to the lower and middle classes.” Bereits abgewickelte Privatisierungen sollen noch einmal überprüft werden. Diese Ankündigung erfolgte allerdings im Rahmen der Kabinettsumbildung, deren Ziel es ist, die Proteste zu schwächen, und Selmy gehört zu den Altliberalen der Wafd-Partei, die bislang nicht durch soziales Engagement aufgefallen ist. Es könnte sich also schlicht um Propaganda handeln.
von Jörn Schulz
„The attacks on medics and wounded protesters have been part of an official policy of retribution against Bahrainis who supported pro-democracy protests.” Human Rights Watch veröffentlichte am 18. Juli einen Bericht über die Verfolgung der Protestierenden bis in die Krankenhäuser. „On March 16, security forces surrounded and then occupied Salmaniya, the country’s main public hospital, and took command of operations there. (…) Patients who had apparently sustained protest-related injuries were the most vulnerable. At least one ward on Salmaniya’s sixth floor was turned into a makeshift detention facility, where security forces subjected patients to incommunicado detention, regular beatings, torture, and other forms of mistreatment, witnesses told Human Rights Watch. (…) Since March 17, security forces have arrested more than 70 medical professionals, including several dozen doctors, and suspended or terminated more than 150 medical workers from their jobs.”
Für diese heroische Schlacht hat der König rechtzeitig eingekauft: „In 2009, Bahrain received €39.8 million in weapons from EU member states; France sold it €28 million, Belgium €6.3 million, Sweden €2.4 million, and Germany €2 million, the EU arms report said.“
von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken
Only 34% of Palestinians accept, while 61% reject, two states for two peoples as the solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, according to a survey of 1,010 Palestinians completed this week by American pollster Stanley Greenberg.
66% said the Palestinians’ real goal should be to start with a two-state solution but then move to it all being one Palestinian state.
92% said Jerusalem should be the capital of Palestine, while just 3% said it should be the capital of both Palestine and Israel.
72% backed denying the thousands of years of Jewish history in Jerusalem, 62% supported kidnapping IDF soldiers and holding them hostage, and 53% were in favor of teaching songs about hating Jews in Palestinian schools.
von Oliver M. Piecha
Ein wirklich nettes Abendessen in Aleppos elitärstem Club, ein großartiger Text von Amal Hanano. Setzen wir uns zum Ancien Régime an die Tafel. Die Kellner sind vom Geheimdienst, die Gäste lieben ihren Führer, daher kommt schließlich ihr Reichtum. Man ergeht sich in Verschwörungstheorien und blickt etwas unsicher in Richtung Eingang, draußen ist schließlich feindlich. Und morgen, morgen wird es wieder diese Demonstrationen geben.
The ladies around us, sat pretty with their blood-red nails and smiles as fake as their hair extensions, mindlessly nodding approval to every word their husbands uttered, their smooth, botoxed foreheads concealed their inner turmoil of worries about the current political unrest and economic stagnation; for how would they pay for their maid’s salary, their fall 2011 wardrobe, and a summer weekend in Beirut?
The men were busy spinning elaborate conspiracy theories to explain why the region was exploding. It was a dizzying display of convoluted logic, twisted and knotted into intertwining theories that formed, al-Mu’amara al-Kawniyyeh, The Universal Conspiracy, because in case you didn’t know, the entire universe has been plotting the destruction of Syria. The waiters (part-time mukhabarat) swarmed around the table, filling already full glasses of water, sensing fresh news. They belittled every popular movement of Arab Spring, calling Egypt a military coup, Tunisia a joke, Bahrain a disgrace, Libya a tragedy. Locally, Daraa was a mistake, Homs was unexpected, Hama was untouchable (since then we have learned that it is not), Jisr al-Shughur was the site where “armed gangs” had massacred 120 military personnel, and the thousands of Syrian refugees in Turkey were being paid $50 a day by the Turkish government to live in tents instead of returning to their homes.
Every injustice or grievance has a mu’amara behind it. If you ask about the world’s youngest prisoner of conscience, Tal al-Mallohi, seventeen when she was sentenced for five years for posting poems about Palestine, they respond that she was a convicted spy and had a mysterious liaison with a Danish UN worker from Damascus. If you ask about Hamzeh al-Khateeb, the mutilated 13-year-old from Daraa, who has become the face of the protesters’ campaign against oppression, the response is quick and shrill. He was not thirteen, he was really seventeen and was caught raping soldiers’ wives.(“Couldn’t you tell from the video that he was so tall?” “Um, no I couldn’t, I was too distracted by his swollen, bruised, burned, tortured body.”) I was more shocked by the fact that they really believed the lies they were spewing than the actual absurdity of the claims themselves.
They kept asking me, “You are going to tell them when you go back, right? Tell them that we are fine, that we love our president, that we won’t accept any foreign intervention?” I have no idea who they thought I was going to tell, or what they thought my influence would be, or why it was so important to make sure I had been convinced. But in my mind, I was saying, yes, I will absolutely tell everyone about your delusions.
Just before dessert, the ringleader leaned in close and said slowly in a voice so low I almost missed it, “You don’t get it. We have to believe in the conspiracy, it is essential that we believe in it. If we don’t, then we are traitors to our country.” That single sentence, the only shred of truth spoken that night, was all I needed to hear. The veiled confession, the fear of guilt, moved me. I did not have the heart (or the guts) to point out, it was too late, they already were traitors.
von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken
Eine Kampagne von Avaaz, die die Botschafter in Syrien dazu aufruft, als Beobachter an den für morgen erwarteten Protesten teil zu nehmen. Eine Aufforderung, der der deutsche Botschafter wohl kaum Folge leisten wird:
Ambassadors in Damascus must mobilise across the country to observe the protesters. Their presence in protest towns and cities could prevent the regime from inflicting further terror and killing innocent protesters. US Ambassador Robert Ford’s visit to Hama last week again pierced the Syrian regime’s veil of lies - and a wider presence of ambassadors across the country tomorrow will either curb Assad’s attempts at widespread repression or bear witness to the cruelty of this ongoing crackdown.
We have identified 26 countries with embassies in Damascus whose presence at protests tomorrow would pose a problem for the Syrian regime. While their governments at the UN security council dither over whether to sanction Assad and refer the violence to the international criminal court for prosecution, ambassadors inside the country can have a direct impact in saving lives.
Falls Sie Ihre Wertschätzung für unsere Website ausdrücken möchten, können Sie dies mithilfe des Mikro-Bezahlsystems Flattr tun. Benutzen Sie einfach den folgenden Button:
Mehr Informationen auf flattr.com