Das Kein-Schmarrn-Abo
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Kürzliche Beiträge
18. Januar 2014, 11.40 Uhr:

Ägyptens neue Verfassung

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

In Ägypten stimmte eine überwältigende Mehrheit für die neue Verfassung. Al Ahram zufolge entschieden sich 97% der Wähler für ein “Ja", bei einer Wahlbeteiligung von 42%. Zum Vergleich: Beim letzten, unter der Regierung Mohammad Mursis abgehaltenen Referendum, gingen 32% der Wahlberechtigten an die Urnen und 64% stimmten dem Entwurf zu.

Muslimbrüder und ihnen nahestehende Organisationen riefen zum Boykott auf, während fast alle sog. säkularen oder moderaten Parteien und Gruppen den Verfassungsentwurf unterstützten. Nur einige Gruppen, die den Sturz Mursis unterstützen, riefen ihre Anhänger auf mit „Nein“ zu stimmen, weil sie in der Verfassung lediglich eine Legitimierung der illegitimen Macht des Militärs sehen.

Im Vorfeld kritisierten verschiedene Menschenrechtsorganisationen den Entwurf, erklärten allerdings, dass er im Vergleich zu den vorhergehenden Verfassungen einen Fortschritt darstelle.

Obwohl in der neuen Verfassung wchtige, 2012 eingefügte, Bezüge auf das islamische Recht ersatzlos gestrichen wurden, rief die salafistische Nour Partei ihre Anhänger auf, den Entwurf zu unterstützen. Aus welchen Gründen auch immer sie das tat - Druck aus Saudi Arabien wird wohl eine Rolle gespielt haben - die neue Verfassung hat so auch den Segen eines Teils der Islamisten.

Wird nun aber das Militär die Gunst der Stunde nutzen, um in Ägypten eine neue Autokratie zu errichten?

Michael Rubin schreibt dazu im Commentary Magazine:

It is important to recognize that the choice confronting advocates of democracy moving forward isn’t between democracy and el-Sisi, but rather between two imperfect scenarios.

The question then becomes, which provides a better path toward democracy? The Muslim Brotherhood does not. It uses democracy as a means to an end, but that end is not democratic. And while many American academics and journalists cringe at the Egyptian designation of the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organization, one look at the group’s ideology, its cell structure, and its past and present actions suggest that the designation may very well be warranted. Just because a terrorist group has survived eight decades does not somehow launder its ideology or tactics.

The new constitution may not be perfect, but it is a real step forward over the constitution the Muslim Brotherhood sought to impose on the Egyptian public. Here is a fact sheet produced by the Egyptian Embassy in Washington on the document.

The danger with Sisi is that he will seek to replicate the worst tendencies of the Mubarak era. The Egyptian public, however, have shown that they have little tolerance with leaders who believe themselves above the people and not accountable to them. That was a lesson Hosni Mubarak learned the hard way, and it was a lesson that Morsi learned to his detriment.

The best path forward, therefore, is to support the interim process and new constitution and maintain the expectation that any new president, Sisi or otherwise, will respect a system of checks and balances, and continue to enable an open press and free and fair elections in order to remain accountable to the people as Egypt undertakes the economic reforms which are both overdue and necessary.

To undercut the new president at this point in time is nihilistic: It will not bring democracy; at best it would result in the empowerment of hardcore Islamist radicals, increase Russian influence, and could ultimately result in state failure.

Siehe auch: The Great Urban-Rural Struggle over the Constitution in Egypt

17. Januar 2014, 19.15 Uhr:

Eine Verteidung der französischen und israelischen Armee

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

In einer sehenswerten Debatte auf Al Jazeera werden Dinge ausgesprochen, die man so im deutschen Fernsehen wohl kaum hören würde:

16. Januar 2014, 20.22 Uhr:

Hamas kämpferisch

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Die Hamas gibt sich kämpferisch. Und zwar, das ist neu, gegenüber den Ägyptern. (Nicht neu dagegen ist ihr Jihadtraining für Kinder und Jugendliche.)

Egypt is “delusional” if it believes it can crush Hamas in Gaza, a Hamas spokesman said on Wednesday, commenting on a recent report attributed to Egyptian security officers saying Hamas is the Egyptian government’s next target after toppling its parent organization, the Muslim Brotherhood.

Four Egyptian “security and diplomatic officials” told Reuters on Tuesday that Egypt is cooperating with Fatah and other anti-Hamas groups in an elaborate campaign to undermine the Hamas regime in Gaza.

“We cannot get liberated from the terrorism of the Brotherhood in Egypt without ending it in Gaza, which lies on our borders,” one official said.

Sami Abu Zuhri, a spokesman for Hamas, blasted Egypt for admitting it aspired to destroy his movement.

“These statements are dangerous and constitute the first official Egyptian admission of Cairo’s involvement in the domestic Palestinian issue, and its aspiration to destroy the Palestinian resistance forces in Gaza,” Abu Zuhri said in a statement posted to his Facebook page. “This is also further proof of the involvement of certain elements in Fatah in this scheme.

16. Januar 2014, 01.16 Uhr:

Europäisch-syrischer Dialog

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Früher, da verstanden sich europäische Regierungen prima mit den Assads, ja die USA ließen in Damaskus auch mal foltern, also wird der bewährte Dialog mit dem Regime wieder aufgenommen:

The intelligence services of some Western countries opposed to Syrian President Bashar Assad have visited Damascus to discuss security cooperation with his government, Syria’s deputy foreign minister confirmed in remarks broadcast on Wednesday.

“I will not specify [which countries] but many of them have visited Damascus, yes,” the deputy minister, Faisal Mekdad, said in an interview with the BBC.

Mekdad’s remarks followed a report in The Wall Street Journal claiming that European intelligence agencies have met covertly with Assad delegates to share information on European jihadists operating in Syria, in the first such meeting since withdrawing their ambassadors when the crisis began.

15. Januar 2014, 13.35 Uhr:

New Ground in Cruelty

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

“There isn’t much the Palestinian people haven’t suffered. But the use of enforced starvation against them by the Syrian dictatorship of Bashar al-Assad at the Yarmouk refugee camp breaks new ground in cruelty. Hundreds are said to be facing imminent death by starvation, lack of water and medical care, and the loss, for almost a year now, of all heat and electricity.” (Quelle)

Bislang herrschte in den Kreisen der Palästinasolidarität in Deutschland vor allem eisernes Schweigen zu Yarmouk. Nichts war zu hören von den Matrosen der Mavi Marmara und anderen, denen angeblich doch das Wohl der Palästinenser so sehr am Herzen liegt. Jetzt endlich gibt es einen Aufruf der DJP und eine Demonstration ist geplant.

Während iranische Medien derweil einfach Schuldumkehr betreiben, etwas unangenehm ist ihnen die Sache schon, hat auch der Minister für religiöse Angelegenheiten der Palästinensischen Autonomiebehörde etwas zu Yarmouk zu sagen:

PA Minister of Religious Affairs Mahmoud Al-Habbash: “There is a message we must convey to those who kidnapped the Yarmouk [Palestinian] refugee camp [in Syria] with baseless false slogans, pretexts, and excuses. We say to them: ‘The venue for resistance and Jihad is not the Yarmouk refugee camp. Whoever wants resistance, whoever wants Jihad, the direction for Jihad is well-known and clear. Everyone knows it. I don’t think that there is anyone who doesn’t know where Jihad is supposed to take place. [applause from the audience] I don’t think that there is anyone who doesn’t know to where we should direct efforts or where to concentrate the masses. I don’t think there is anyone who doesn’t know this. Those who send young people to Syria or elsewhere to die for a misdirected cause must stop and understand that Jerusalem is still waiting.

15. Januar 2014, 00.41 Uhr:

»Die dämlichste politische Organisation in der Geschichte«

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Ahmed Fawzy von der Egyptian Social Democratic Party (ESDP) kommentiert den ersten Tag des Verfassungsreferendums in Ägypten:

“I think the people are voting only to punish the Muslim Brotherhood for their violence and for continually standing against the transitional roadmap,” Fawzy told Ahram Online. “The Brotherhood is definitely the dumbest political organisation in history. Every day that passes, they become less popular and they lose more ground. The national charter will be endorsed no matter what they do today or on the second day [of voting].”

14. Januar 2014, 15.23 Uhr:

Gegenoffensive von Al Qaida

von Thomas von der Osten-Sacken

Der Al Qaida Ableger Islamischer Staat im Irak und der Levante hat Sonntag eine Gegenoffensive begonnen, nachdem er von anderen Rebellengruppen aus vielen Ortschaften in Nodsyrien vertreiben worden ist. Auch die Provinzhauptstadt Raqqa soll sich erneut in der Hand der Jihadisten befinden:

Al Qaida-linked militants, forced last week from many of their strongholds in northern and eastern Syria, have launched a fierce counterattack, retaking control of the capital of Raqqa province, seizing another city that’s a key border crossing with Turkey and executing hundreds of prisoners, witnesses and activists reported Monday.

The resurgence of fighters from the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, an al Qaida affiliate whose tough interpretations of Islamic law had earned it the enmity of fellow rebels, suggested that last week’s predictions that moderate factions were retaking control of the rebellion against President Bashar Assad were premature.

Reports from Syrian activists and accounts from a Western military attache based in neighboring Lebanon said the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria had launched its offensive Sunday morning and quickly regained control of Raqqa city, the only provincial capital not in government hands. It immediately began executing prisoners from rival rebel groups, including its onetime ally, the Nusra Front, which is also affiliated with al Qaida.

Es wird zunehmend schwieriger, aus Syrien zu berichten. Die meisten internationalen Journalisten sind längst weg, jene seit 2011 bekannt gewordenen syrischen Citizen Journalists, die, teils täglich und unter Einsatz ihres Lebens, von vor Ort berichteten, sind größtenteils entweder tot, geflohen oder inhaftiert. Einer der letzten, Mohammad Ibrahim aus Homs,  wurde letzte Woche bei einem Angriff der syrischen Armee getötet.

Ein Nachruf von Amal Hanano:

Abu Mohammed is stubborn. He knows every live broadcast risks exposing his location to regime forces. Still, he starts his days at dawn, loads his handgun – which is no match for the tanks, helicopters and planes targeting him – and gathers his gear to transmit long, unedited footage of life in Homs, where the deadly thuds of shelling intersperse with moments of serenity.

In a few hours the sun will climb higher in the sky, the shelling will slow down, and Abu Mohammed will pack up his laptop, tripods, and cameras, untangle the cords, and walk to whichever safe house he currently calls home. I’ve done my part: tweeted Bambuser livestream links, chatted with him in our broken translations, commented on his homslive feed, and found some relief knowing the rest of his work will be done inside, at his desk, uploading the footage into YouTube clips and speaking to the media. For today, Homs is still in the news. For today, he is still alive.

(Den ganzen Nachruf lesen)



Read more here: http://www.miamiherald.com/2014/01/13/3868849/al-qaidas-isis-takes-2-syrian.html#storylink=cpy

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